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Securing a Job in the Italian Public Sector: A Comprehensive Guide to Accessing Public Competitions with a Foreign Degree

by Michela de Julio
Legal Consultant and Official translator,
expert in recognition of academic and professional qualifications

In the tangled dance of global careers paths, Italy stands out not merely as a stage for historical and cultural marvels but as a forward-looking arena for international talents wielding foreign degrees. This insight cuts through the conventional fluff to unpack a crucial yet underexplored facet of Italy’s public sector employment landscape: the streamlined, non-formal administrative process for recognising foreign academic credentials facilitating the acquisition of positions in the Italian public administration via public competitions.
The era when the potential of an international degree diminished upon entering new jurisdictions is behind us. Italy’s methodical approach, grounded in the Lisbon Convention and detailed through Law No. 148/2002 and the Presidential Decree No. 189/2009, provides a guiding light for individuals seeking to transform their foreign academic accomplishments into significant career advancements within the Italian public service.
This narrative is not about the mere recognition of foreign academic titles and qualifications, but about unravelling a strategic pathway that enhances one’s professional standing and competitive edge in public sector competitions in Italy; It examines Italy’s commitment to refining its bureaucratic procedures to harness global talent, ensuring that the process is less about cruising a labyrinth and more about unlocking opportunities.
In scrutinising the process from initiation to fruition, this guide endeavours to elucidate the essential procedures, mandatory documentation, and tactical considerations crucial for transitioning from the aspiration to the actualisation of securing a position. Whether one’s ambition is to penetrate the public sector or to elevate one’s status within it through merit and academic credentials, a comprehensive understanding of Italy’s credential recognition process may serve as an indispensable advantage.
My aim here is to shed light on the process through which international degrees can serve as a gateway to employment within Italy’s public sector. This disclosure challenges conventional views on the impact of international qualifications in the Italian job market, focusing on tangible opportunities to capitalise on global education within Italy’s public services.

Drawing from my thirty-year experience in the sector, I’ve observed a substantial demand from potential public competition candidates for both legal and practical guidance in recognising their foreign degrees for participation in Italy’s public competitions. Many candidates who seek my assistance are often unaware of the essential requirement for detailed and timely preparation of their documentation, to be kept at the ready for the next opportunity. This preparation entails assembling a comprehensive dossier of documents that must not only be collected but also authenticated, legalised, translated, and officially certified by a qualified linguist. Furthermore, a common requirement across almost all public competitions is the provision of the Declaration of Value from the Italian Consulate within the jurisdiction of the country where the degree was issued.

This long-standing experience has underscored the strategic importance of recognising foreign degrees for Italy’s public sector competitions. It’s far more than a bureaucratic hurdle; it’s a significant opportunity for candidates to leverage their international qualifications within a highly competitive landscape. 

Understanding the requirements for public competition entry and navigating the regulatory landscape is no simple feat. However, let’s try to break down the access dynamics to a public competition step by step and identify the regulatory references to consult and how the aimed and non-formalised recognition process works.

Academic credentials earned outside the Italian jurisdiction lack legal standing within Italy until they undergo a formal recognition process. This process is essential for integrating these qualifications into the Italian legal and educational framework. In addition to the established academic recognition — historically referred to as “equipollenza” — there exists a tailored form of validation known as “aimed recognition” or “non academic recognition” (“riconoscimento finalizzato o non accademico” previously termed as “equivalenza”), specifically designed to facilitate participation in public competitions.

Entry into the Italian Public Administration is customarily managed through a process of public competition, a method ensuring that recruitment is based on merit and qualifications. The eligibility to partake in these competitions is extended to holders of any level of foreign educational qualification, be it secondary or higher education, provided these individuals meet specific criteria outlined in the current regulations governing access to employment. This inclusivity is made possible through a recognition procedure detailed in Article 38 of the Legislative Decree 165/2001, which has seen amendments by Article 8 of the decree-law of 9 February 2012, No. 5, and further modifications by Article 1, paragraph 28-quinquies of Law 15/2022. The procedural steps and documentation required for this application process are thoroughly described in Article 2 of DPR 189/2009.

Targeted recognition process (Riconoscimento finalizzato)

Within the Italian legal framework, lies a carefully crafted procedure for the evaluation of foreign qualifications, aimed especially at those aspiring to join the Public Administration through competitive exams. This critical process finds its roots in the Presidential Decree of 30 July 2009, No. 189, building on Article 5 of the Law from 11 July 2002, No. 148, and bringing the Lisbon Convention into play. This convention plays a key role in making the recognition of academic and professional qualifications from abroad smoother, opening doors for individuals with foreign credentials dreaming of a career within Italy’s public sector.

This targeted recognition process, known as “riconoscimento finalizzato,” meticulously evaluates the equivalence of a foreign qualification for a specific purpose. The Ministry of University and Research (MUR) oversees granting this recognition through a binding opinion provided to the responsible entity for this procedure, which is the “Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri – Dipartimento della Funzione Pubblica – UOLP – Servizio per le assunzioni e la mobilità”. Recognition is given solely for the reason outlined in the application, such as qualifying for entry into public sector competitions.

Candidates who apply for recognition of their admission qualification to the competition are allowed to participate on a provisional basis. The “Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri – Dipartimento della funzione pubblica” finalises the recognition process only for the competition winners. These winners must, under penalty of losing their position, notify the publication of the ranking list within fifteen days to the Ministry of University and Research (Art. 1 paragraph 28-quinquies, point 3 of Law 15/2022).

The equivalence of a foreign educational qualification allows participation in a competition without the issuance of an Italian qualification or without following the procedure to obtain academic recognition. Both EU and non-EU citizens can participate in Italian competitions provided they submit a declaration of equivalence for the qualification they obtained abroad. Therefore, equivalence is a judgement confirming that a foreign educational qualification is equivalent to an Italian one, issued to enable both EU and non-EU citizens to participate in a public competition, which could lead to the establishment of an of an employment relationship, whether fixed-term or permanent.

The aim of this procedure is to assess how a foreign qualification compares to the Italian standard required by a specific competition announcement, enabling entry into the exam phase of said competition without the need to obtain an Italian qualification (known as “equipollenza” or equivalence proceedings). This step is crucial for the public competition you wish to participate in, requiring that the particular competition announcement (“bando di concorso”) be attached to the application for equivalence.

This recognition is valid solely for entry into the competition in question and is issued when genuinely needed, typically at the time of passing the written examinations, at which point the candidate must promptly notify the Ministry to conclude the pending procedure, or at the time specified in the competition announcement.

The agency tasked with issuing the Equivalence Decree

It’s critical to understand that the issuance of the equivalence decree does not fall within the purview of the Ministry of University and Research (MUR). Instead, the MUR plays a crucial role by providing a compulsory consultation to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, which, in turn, is responsible for officially issuing the equivalence decree. The process to finalise this procedure is nominally set to take 150 days. However, this period may be paused if additional documentation is required and remains pending submission to the MUR.

In certain instances, the MUR might find it necessary to undertake an in-depth review of the qualification presented or to ascertain the specific Italian degree classification or field of study involved. Such situations demand extra time and possibly the engagement of competent internal or external authorities for detailed consideration of the matter at hand, as stipulated by the Decree of the President of the Council of Ministers No. 144 dated 16 July 2010.

The focus of this recognition process leans heavily towards the evaluation of the principal qualification mentioned in the job competition announcement. However, the Italian system also provides avenues for the assessment of additional foreign qualifications which might be pertinent for gaining extra points in a competition or for the purpose of career advancement within the public administration. This aspect indicates a broader approach to evaluating an individual’s complete educational and professional background, ensuring a fair and comprehensive assessment that could facilitate easier entry and progression within the Italian Public Administration.

Different types of recognition process (equivalenza vs equipollenza)

First and foremost, identifying the fundamental regulatory references is crucial. The Law No. 148 of 2002, ratifying the Lisbon Convention, and the subsequent Presidential Decree No. 189 of 2009 lay down the legal basis for the recognition of foreign qualifications in Italy. These regulations outline the criteria and procedures for both academic and professional recognition, providing a framework for public competition access.

The recognition process can be divided into two categories: aimed (equipollenza) and non-formalised (equivalenza). Aimed recognition is specifically targeted towards access to regulated professions or public competitions, requiring a detailed evaluation of the foreign qualification in terms of equivalence with the corresponding Italian qualifications. This type of recognition necessitates the submission of specific documentation, including the Declaration of Value issued by the competent Italian consulate.

On the other hand, non-formalised recognition caters to those seeking a more general acknowledgment of their educational background, useful for purposes other than participating in specific competitions or practising regulated professions. This process is often more streamlined but still requires careful preparation of necessary documents and understanding of application modalities.

In both instances, it’s vital to initiate the procedure well in advance of the competition date of interest. The preparation of documents, their authentication and legalisation, as well as translation and sworn certification, are steps that demand time and attention. Moreover, consulting experts in the field or utilising specialised advisory services can provide invaluable support in navigating this complex process.

A thorough examination and comprehension of the relevant regulations can significantly ease the path for individuals with foreign qualifications aiming to enter Italian public competitions. Thus, our legal framework not only encompasses administrative processes for evaluating and officially recognizing academic qualifications but also accommodates non-academic recognition within certain institutional frameworks. Following the legislation specified in Law No. 148 of 2002, which endorses the Lisbon Convention, Article 5 dictates that “recognition of academic qualifications for purposes other than those outlined in Article 2 shall be conducted by state administrations, adhering to existing norms concerning recognition for professional purposes and entry into public employment, via procedures defined by later regulations.” This provision ensures that individuals with foreign academic qualifications or credentials are afforded the chance to secure recognition for objectives beyond academic or professional endorsement.

Specifically, Presidential Decree No. 189, dated July 30, 2009, which enacts the directives outlined in Article 5 of Law No. 148 of July 11, 2002, introduced particular procedures for the recognition of academic qualifications for the purpose of participating in public competitions. These procedures cover a range of objectives, such as the allocation of points for placement in public competition rankings, based on the acknowledgment of additional qualifications, advancement in one’s career, the conversion of study years spent abroad into pension contributions, the opportunity to register at employment centres, and the chance for candidates to engage in internships or traineeships after earning a bachelor’s, master’s, or postgraduate degree. It also makes provision for eligibility to compete for scholarships.

The informal equivalence evaluation of a foreign academic qualification enables individuals with secondary or higher education diplomas to enter job competitions, aligning with the legislative requirements for access to public employment. This process is streamlined by a simplified recognition method described in Article 38 of Legislative Decree No. 165 of 2001, eliminating the necessity for an equivalent Italian qualification or undergoing the formal recognition procedure.

Which administrative agency should receive the application?

The application for recognition to participate in a public competition must be submitted using a specific form, along with the required documents, to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers (Department of Public Administration – P.P.A. Office – Recruitment Service) and, at the same time, to the Ministry of University and Research (MUR).

Therefore, the competent Italian authority for this type of procedure is identified as the Presidency of the Council of Ministers – Department of Public Function – UOLP – Service for Recruitment and Mobility. The pre-printed form provided by the Department of Public Function for submitting an equivalence application for foreign diplomas is available online. It is possible to download online the Form for the request of equivalence of foreign academic qualifications prepared by the Department of Public Administration: this form specifies all the necessary documents for the submission of the application and also indicates the competent office of the Ministry of University and Research to which the application should be forwarded. Prospective applicants, upon reviewing the form, can ascertain the required documentation for submission and identify the relevant office within the Ministry of University and Research to which it should be forwarded.

Following updates made by Article 8 of Decree-Law No. 5 on February 9, 2012, regarding “urgent measures for simplification and development,” effective from February 10, 2012, and later amended and enacted into Law No. 35 on April 4, 2012, with additional revisions provided by Article 1, paragraph 28-quinquies of Law No. 15 on February 25, 2022, known as “Conversion into law, with amendments, of Decree-Law No. 228 of December 30, 2021,” introducing urgent adjustments to legislative terms, a new regulation has been established:

Paragraph 3 of Article 38 in Legislative Decree No. 165 from March 30, 2001, detailing the access of European Union citizens to roles within public administrations, has been updated to the following effect:

Until the European Union sets forth specific regulations, the recognition of foreign academic qualifications that are officially acknowledged in the issuing country, for participating in public recruitment competitions (excluding those for teaching positions across all educational levels), will be overseen by the Presidency of the Council of Ministers – Department of Public Administration, pending approval from either the Ministry of Education or the Ministry of University and Research. Applicants seeking recognition for their qualifications to enter a competition will initially be accepted on a provisional basis. The recognition process, as outlined in this section, will be finalized solely for competition winners, who must, to avoid disqualification, inform the Ministry of University and Research or the Ministry of Education about the competition’s outcome within fifteen days. The required procedure and documents for this application are specified in Article 2 of Presidential Decree No. 189 dated July 30, 2009, titled “Regulations for the Recognition of Foreign Qualifications for Public Competition Entry.”

Evaluating Supplementary Foreign Qualifications for Public Competition Success and Career Advancement

It’s important to emphasise that this process is designed solely to assess the primary qualification specified in the competition notice. However, for those seeking to have additional foreign qualifications evaluated to gain extra points for competition standings or to advance their careers within the public administration, there is a distinct process in place. 

Candidates aiming to enter a public competition, who already hold the essential educational qualification stipulated as a basic entry requirement and wish to present an extra foreign qualification to enhance their standing, are afforded the chance to begin the administrative recognition procedure as outlined in Article 3, paragraph 1, letter a) of Presidential Decree No. 189 of 2009. This opportunity also extends to public administration employees looking to progress their careers by having a foreign educational qualification recognized. For these individuals, the application, complete with the requisite documentation, needs to be submitted directly to the agency issuing the competition notice.

  1. a) Authenticated copy of the foreign qualification, legalized and translated by an official translator, or legalised by the diplomatic or consular authority of the issuing country (if the country of origin is not a party to the Hague Convention on Apostille), which will attest to the accuracy of the translation compared to the original document.
  2. b) Detailed certificate of the exams taken (transcript or Diploma supplement), issued by the institution awarding the qualification, legalised and translated by an official translator;
  3. c) Documentation proving the purposes for which the recognition of the qualification is requested;
  4. d) Declaration of Value in loco, issued by the Italian diplomatic-consular representation competent for the territory of the state to which the educational system of the qualification belongs, which provides comprehensive information about the duration of the course, the value of the qualification, as well as the legal nature of the issuing institution within the respective system. In the case under analysis, the declaration of value is not required for qualifications from countries of the European Union, the European Economic Area, and the Swiss Confederation.

The administration that has announced the competition will send the documentation to the MUR or the MIUR (depending on the type of foreign qualification for which recognition is requested) which will issue the final decision within 90 days, communicating it both to the administration and to the interested party.

Candidates wishing to submit an application for the recognition of the qualification enabling them to enter a competition may be allowed to participate provisionally (“ammessi con riserva”), subject to their inclusion in the final ranking list. The responsibility for concluding the recognition process for competition purposes rests with the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, within the Department of Public Administration, which will issue a final recognition decision only for competition winners (and not for other candidates with foreign qualifications). The winners are required, under penalty of forfeiture, to send proper notification of the publication of the ranking list to the Ministry of University and Research within fifteen days, as stipulated by Article 1, paragraph 28-quinquies, point 3 of Law No. 15 of 2022.

The Nationality Requirement for Participation in Public Competitions in Italy

The nationality required to be admitted to public competitions in Italy depends on the type of competition and the specific provisions established by the competent authorities. Generally, to participate in public competitions in Italy, Italian citizenship or citizenship of a European Union member state is usually required. However, there may be exceptions or specific conditions for certain competitions, such as the possibility for citizens of other countries or with particular legal statuses to participate in specific competitions provided for by international agreements or specific national laws. It is important to carefully review the requirements of each specific competition to verify which nationalities are eligible.

Under the terms and for the purposes of the previously mentioned Article 38, paragraph 1 of Legislative Decree No. 165 of 2001, both EU and non-EU citizens are admitted to Italian public competitions provided that they submit a non-formalized declaration of equivalence for the qualification obtained abroad. This procedure is applicable to citizens of European Union member states and their family members who do not hold citizenship of a member state, provided they have the right of residence or the right of permanent residence, as well as to third-country nationals who have a regular long-term residence permit or who have the status of asylum seeker, or subsidiary protection status, according to Article 38, paragraph 3-bis of Legislative Decree No. 165 of 2001.

However, it is important to clarify that the admission of candidates who do not hold Italian citizenship to public competitions organised by the public administration raises several complexities, especially in light of current legislation. The issue of public competition has been a focus of attention for the European legal system, which has established an exception to the principle of free movement of workers within the Union. This exception is introduced in paragraph 4 of Article 45 of the TFEU (Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union), which contains a specific provision stating that “The provisions of this Article shall not apply to employment in the public service.”

In this regard, the Court of Justice of the European Union has clarified that such a limitation has been deemed necessary to reserve employment in the public sector exclusively for citizens of the State in cases where public employees predominantly and continuously exercise the public powers of the State. Therefore, this limitation does not apply to cases involving the exercise of a single administrative power. This stance is fully aligned with the Consolidated Act on Public Employment (TUPI), where Article 38 specifies that citizens of the European Union, as well as their family members who do not possess the citizenship of a member state but have the right of residence or the right of permanent residence, are allowed to access public employment for positions that do not involve the direct or indirect exercise of public powers or are not connected to the protection of the national interest. However, it seems pertinent to highlight that the same TUPI does not specify which types of jobs in the public administration require Italian citizenship as an essential requirement for their access, merely referring to a decree of the President of the Council of Ministers (d.p.c.m.) under which entire categories of public employees or entire sectors are included, in which the exercise of public powers is not anticipated. This fact is entirely in contrast with the criteria outlined by the jurisprudence of the Court of Justice of the European Union, leaving open interpretative doubts on the matter.

The informal equivalence assessment is therefore a targeted judgement aimed at verifying that a foreign educational qualification is equivalent to an Italian qualification, issued to allow both EU and non-EU citizens to participate in a public competition, which would then lead to the establishment of an employment relationship, whether fixed-term or permanent.

The aim of this procedure is to verify the foreign qualification against the Italian counterpart, based on the admission requirements set by a specific competition announcement, with the goal of allowing the candidate to take the relevant exams without the need to issue a formal decree of equivalence. This procedure is carried out concurrently with the launch of the competition for which the candidate wishes to apply, and the application for this equivalence process must be submitted along with the competition application.

The targeted recognition procedure is not applicable to regulated professions

However, this equivalence process cannot be applied in the case of “competitions” related to professions that are regulated by law, such as those for becoming a teacher, architect, lawyer, or doctor, or in the case of access to doctoral (Phd) research programs.

This specific recognition process does not cover “competitions” linked to entering regulated professions like teaching, nor is it applicable to accessing doctoral research programmes. Regulated professions are distinguished by particular professional standards and qualifications, often legislated or defined by professional bodies, to ensure practitioners adhere to required competence and ethical benchmarks. In such scenarios, the assessment and recognition of qualifications adhere to unique protocols aimed at upholding these strict standards and safeguarding public interest.

Moreover, gaining entry into doctoral research programmes necessitates a more focused examination of an applicant’s academic history and potential for research. This evaluation typically considers the candidate’s prior research experiences, publications, and the scholarly value of their previous academic achievements, which may encompass a master’s degree or its equivalent. Doctoral studies represent the apex of academic endeavour, requiring precise expertise in specific subject areas and research skills that exceed the scope of this general recognition framework.

Therefore, those aiming for careers in regulated fields or aspiring to enrol in doctoral research programmes are required to pursue distinct pathways for recognition or evaluation. These pathways are meticulously designed to align with the particular demands of each profession or academic pursuit, ensuring that candidates meet the necessary knowledge, competencies, and ethical expectations characteristic of these specialized areas.

Country of origin of the qualification required for access to the public competition

For the admission to public competitions of candidates holding qualifications obtained in foreign countries, the same procedure outlined in Article 38, paragraph 3 of Legislative Decree 165 of 2001, is applied as for students from European Union countries. For this purpose, the applicant must send their application to the Ministry and to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers – Department of Public Administration, accompanied by the following documents:

  1. a) Foreign qualification, authenticated, legalised, and translated by an official translator or legalised by the consular diplomatic authority of the issuing country, which will certify the translation as consistent with the original;
  2. b) Detailed certificate of the examinations taken, issued by the institution where the qualification was obtained, legalised, and translated by an official translator;
  3. c) Declaration of value in loco issued by the Italian Consulate competent for the territory of the state to which the education system of the qualification refers, providing a description that includes information on the duration of the course, the value of the qualification, as well as the legal nature of the institution that issued it according to the education system of said state;
  4. d) The announcement of the competition one intends to participate in, highlighting the requirements for access.

For this reason, it’s essential for candidates to have all the necessary academic documents ready at hand for the process, which could be useful for the Ministry to conduct a proper review. Academic qualifications must have been previously verified, authenticated, legalised, and officially translated. This preparatory phase must necessarily be initiated in the Country where the qualification was obtained and not in Italy, as per the regulations in place. Unfortunately, many candidates find themselves unprepared with the documents at the time of submitting their application to the competition. However, even if the documents are not ready and it’s not possible to send the recognition application, there are ways to address this issue. The documents prepared for the targeted recognition must be sent as certified photocopies, including through a self-declaration of known facts for Italian or European Union citizens, while international citizens will need to obtain a certified copy from a notary. Nonetheless, these documents can be used for any other competition, so it’s wise to keep them ready for any future needs.

Indeed, during the preliminary phase, the Ministry of University and Research (MUR) may need to conduct a more detailed examination of the presented qualification or to identify the equivalent Italian degree class or the subject area of the course taken abroad for which recognition is being requested. In such instances, additional time is necessary, requiring consultation with internal or external bodies competent in the specific matter.

Procedures for evaluating additional qualifications in public employee recruitment

Indeed, should a candidate, already in possession of the primary academic credential required for entry into a public competition, seek to enhance their standing by submitting an additional foreign qualification, they are entitled to commence the administrative recognition process as outlined in Article 3, paragraph 1, letter a) of Legislative Decree No. 189/2009. This opportunity is equally available to those already employed within the public sector who seek to advance their careers by having a foreign academic qualification recognised. In such instances, the application must be directed to the issuing authority of the competition notice, complete with the requisite documentation specified for this process.

Regarding the announcements for the recruitment of public employees, the evaluation of any additional qualification submitted by a candidate to obtain extra points is governed by the procedures set out in Presidential Decree No. 189/2009, Article 3, paragraph 1, letter a), which specifies that it is the responsibility of the interested administration to submit the relevant request for evaluation of the qualification, accompanied by the necessary documentation for this purpose. In accordance with this provision, it is necessary for this documentation to be presented to the designated administrations as a copy conforming to the original, under the terms and for the purposes of Article 18 of Presidential Decree No. 445 of 2000, as the candidate is precluded from using the self-declaration of well-known facts to declare the conformity of the documents in their possession, as provided by Article 19 of Presidential Decree No. 445 of 2000, which will be discussed further in this discussion. This requirement is deemed indispensable since there is no other way to conduct the necessary checks quickly and easily on the truthfulness, officiality, and authenticity of what is declared to be conforming, especially considering these are documents from abroad that cannot be verified and confirmed by the Italian certifying body, according to the provisions of Articles 43 and 71 of the mentioned Presidential Decree.

Regarding recruitment competitions, it’s beneficial to note that, in order to provide the relevant opinion, the interested administration needs to obtain a scientific-disciplinary opinion from the National University Council on the possibility of certifying the equivalence of the candidate’s qualification with the Italian qualifications required as a basic condition for admission to the selection, according to the guidelines outlined in the announcement.

This verification body meets at predetermined intervals, which is why it’s not possible to expedite the process, as the timing is linked to the scheduling of these meetings. However, the candidate will still be provisionally admitted to the exams specified in the competition pending such meetings.

Furthermore, it is advisable to wait for the outcome of at least the pre-selections to avoid imposing an unnecessary workload on the competent administration for recognitions, in favour of those who are excluded from the written tests for not having passed the pre-selection exams.

Indeed, the designated administration performs the recognition process exclusively for those candidates who secure the top positions in the rankings and not for all others who have not passed the examination tests.



The integration of foreign degrees within the Italian public sector is more than a procedural adaptation; it’s a cultural and strategic recalibration towards a more inclusive and diverse workforce. This evolution prompts us to question the very fabric of public administration and its responsiveness to the global talent pool.

One critical reflection is the balance between maintaining the rigour of national standards and the flexibility needed to accommodate the diverse educational frameworks represented by foreign qualifications. How does Italy, or any nation for that matter, navigate this balance without diluting its standards or erecting insurmountable barriers to talented international professionals? The answer lies perhaps not in the administrative processes themselves but in the underlying principles that govern them: equity, transparency, and meritocracy.

Moreover, the discourse on foreign degrees in the Italian public sector illuminates the broader tension between globalisation and nationalism. In an era where cross-border mobility is increasingly common, the mechanisms for recognising foreign qualifications serve as a litmus test for a country’s stance on global talent integration. They reflect a nation’s willingness to engage with the global community, not just economically but culturally and intellectually.

Additionally, this discussion raises the question of equity in access to public sector opportunities. For individuals with foreign degrees, the journey to recognition and integration is fraught with challenges, from navigating legal requirements to overcoming cultural and linguistic barriers. This scenario invites a critical examination of how policies and procedures can be structured to ensure that talent, regardless of its geographic origin, is given equal footing in the competition for public sector roles.

Finally, the focus on foreign qualifications underscores the need for continuous adaptation and learning within public administrations themselves. As the world evolves, so too must the frameworks and criteria for evaluating professional competencies. The public sector’s openness to international qualifications not only enriches its talent pool but also signals a commitment to innovation and growth.

In conclusion, the assimilation of international academic qualifications into Italy’s public sector transcends mere administrative reform, embodying a broader global shift. It demands a more profound contemplation on the methodologies through which nations might cultivate an ethos that earnestly champions diversity, ensures equity, and embeds inclusion across the entirety of public service landscapes. 


If you’re dealing with an application for a competition and have a qualification obtained abroad and need assistance with the equivalence procedure, you can contact me, and I’ll be pleased to provide the necessary legal technical support, including for sworn translations (